Lesotho Defence Force takes part in India Flagship Defence Exhibition (DefExpo22) The Chief of Defence Staff Lieutenant General (Lt Gen) Mojalefa Letsoela attended the Indian Defence Exhibition on India-African Defence Dialogue on invitation by the Chief of Defence Staff General Anil Chauhan held on the 18 October 2022 at Gandhinagar, Gujarat India. The various issues discussed include Military Cooperation, Defence and Security on promotion of military relations on aspects of training, military moderation and security reforms to mention but few. Lt Gen Letsoela had a courtesy visit to Gen Chauhan on the 21 October 2022 on one dialogue where they took to length, discussed issues and strengthened the relation between Lesotho and India on military aspects.
P.O. Box 54
TEL: (+266) 5234 3000
FAX: (+266) 22314931
P.O. Box 54
TEL: (+266) 5234 3000
FAX: (+266) 22314931
P.O. Box 54
TEL: (+266) 5234 3000
FAX: (+266) 22314931
P.O. Box 54
TEL: (+266) 5234 3000
FAX: (+266) 22314931
P.O. Box 54
TEL: (+266) 5234 3000
FAX: (+266) 22314931
To protect territorial integrity and the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Lesotho and to uphold the binding imperatives of the Constitution of Lesotho.
Legal Framework Aspects National Defence Concept: Maintenance of territorial sovereignty and integrity The Lesotho Defence Force shall be charged with the defence of Lesotho; and with such other duties as may from time to time be determined by the Minister (Sec 145 of the Constitution of Lesotho of 1993 & Sec 5 of LDF Act No.4 of 1996 respectively).
External Obligations: Employment of the Defence outside Lesotho. The King, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister, may order that the whole or any part of the Defence shall be employed out of or beyond Lesotho (Part II Sec 6 LDF Act No.4 of 1996).
Domestic Support Operations: Offering Military Aid to Civil Power and Authorities. The Commander may, at the request of the Commissioner of Police authorize the use of any member of unit of the Defence Force in support of or give assistance to Lesotho Mounted Police Service in the discharge of their duties (Sec 190 (Sub-sects 1 & 2) LDF Act No.4 of 1996).
To defend the country and provide for the security of Lesotho, participate in external security cooperation activities, and contribute in domestic support operations with the aim of:
• Protecting the Constitution of Lesotho, and to guarantee the Rule of Law.
• Ensuring national security and stability.
• Defending Lesotho's territorial integrity on land and in the air.
• Preserving Lesotho as a free, independent and sovereign State.
• Protecting the people and their properties.
• Aiding civil authorities in domestic support operations.
• Strengthening Lesotho's international relations by participating in Regional and International Security Cooperation activities.
The Lesotho Defence Force shall be a professional, modern, affordable and accountable Force, contributing to national security through prompt and decisive response to a wide range of both internal and external defence and security related challenges.
PHOTOS BY :Photos by the LDF
(SAMIM) commanded by Commando Lieutenant Colonel (Cdo Lt Col) Malefetsane Makhoahle, flew the national flag high in the foreign land to celebrate Lesotho’s Independence Day in Nangade district of Cabo Delgado, Mozambique on the 04th October 2022. The celebration was conducted in two phases. The first one was demonstrated through the road march from Nangade City to the contingent`s Forward Operating Base (FOB) whereby Tanzania Armed Forces, the Mozambique Defence Armed Forces (FADM), Police and Local Forces showed a support in joining. The second phase was the presentation on the history of Lesotho delivered by Cdo Lt Col Chere Makhetha at Pemba City in the same province.
On his remarks at the end of the march the Contingent Commander indicated his delight upon the event as it means a lot to the Basotho nation by noting that, “this public holiday commemorates the independence of the Kingdom of Lesotho from Britain.” He quoted the popular saying by Basotho that “motse ho cha o mabapi” literally meaning “if your neighbour’s house is on fire, then yours is yet to catch the same fire” referring to the situation in Mozambique whereby they had to intervene.
“One should arise and assist the neighbor to put out fire before it spreads to his own house. That’s why we are here in Mozambique today. We will not tolerate the killings, looting and any other act of torture to the innocent people of Mozambique and everyone living here,” emphasised Lt Col Makhoahle. Lesotho obtained its independence from Britain on the 04th October 1966 and as a result Basotho nation celebrate it annually.
The Kingdom of Lesotho is a landlocked country surrounded entirely by the Republic of South Africa. It was founded by the renowned King Moshoeshoe I who survived a series of deadly wars through peace, shrewd diplomacy, empathy and generosity in his Chieftaincy.
Lesotho was colonized by the British from 1868 until it attained independence in 1966. The "Kingdom in the sky" (Mountain Kingdom), as the country is popularly nicknamed because of its high altitude, has adopted a system of a constitutional monarchy and the head of state is His Majesty King Letsie III. The head of government is a Prime Minister.
The Section 145 Constitution of Lesotho (as amended) provides for establishment of the defence force for the defence of Lesotho (i.e. protection of its sovereignty and territorial integrity). The existence of the Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) is, therefore, a key national objective meant for the nation to live peacefully and the country to exist as a sovereign state.
Ministry of Defence (MOD) was established in 1994 against a backdrop of need to professionalise and oversee the LDF. It provides the support function in making the organisation and the National Security Service (NSS) more accountable and transparent to the public through Parliament.
The Ministry's mandate is to promote and maintain the highest levels of state security and stability for advancement of national interests. The MOD and the LDF are administered through Principal Secretary and Commander of Defence Force respectively.
The role of the MOD Administration is to support to manage the Lesotho Defence Force by ensuring that the LDF has the necessary resources at its disposal to meet the commitments placed on them by the Constitution. It is involved in the restructuring of both the LDF and the NSS.
The Principal Secretary of Defence is mandated to oversee the Administration Department of MOD under the Minister of Defence. The mission of Administration is to uphold the notion of civil control of the military. In so doing, it ensures that there is separation of powers, legality, accountability, transparency and availability of necessary resources for the LDF.
The command and administration of the Lesotho Defence Force is vested in the Commander in terms of Section 145 (3) of The Constitution of Lesotho (as amended) which provides "The command of Defence Force shall be vested in Commander of the Defence Force." As per the Constitution and Lesotho Defence Force Act No.4 of 1996, the Commander of the organisation is appointed (or removed) by the King acting on the advice of the Prime Minister.
The roles of Lesotho Defence Force are detailed under Section 5 of the Lesotho Defence Force Act No. 4 of 1996 as follows: "The Defence Force shall be employed in the defence of Lesotho; in the prevention or suppression of terrorism; internal disorder; the maintenance of essential services including maintenance of law and order and prevention of crime, and such other duties as may, from time to time, be determined by the Minister."
The primary role of the Lesotho Defence Force is to protect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Lesotho. The secondary role includes the following: assistance in the preservation of life, health and property; provision and maintenance of essential services; upholding law and order in support of the civil authorities such as the police, rendering support to other State departments as directed by government and ensuring the country's compliance with its international obligations such as partaking in peace support operations as well as in other regional military cooperation.
The history of LDF dates back to 1964 when Police Mobile Unit (PMU) was formed in response to social disturbances that included labour strikes at the time. In 1965, three British police officers, Bunn, Mcfall and Hurst arrived in Basutoland (Lesotho before independence) from Zambia, subsequently four platoons were formed, three of which were under their respective command. The fourth platoon was under the command of the then Lieutenant Metsing Lekhanya.
On the 21st July 1974 the command of the Police Mobile Unit (PMU) was given to the then Brigadier Metsing Lekhanya, who took over from Superintendent Mcfall. The Commissioner of Police was Major General (Maj Gen) B.A.Ntoi.
Over the years, the Police Mobile Unit changed status and gradually became more sophisticated in terms of equipment as compared to the police force in general. For instance, Air Wing was established in 1978 to give air capability support to PMU. It commenced with three fixed wing squadron; two Skyvans and 152 Cessna. In 1980, PMU was officially turned into a paramilitary force by the Lesotho Paramilitary Force Act No.13 of 1980. In 1986 it became Royal Lesotho Defence Force and subsequently Lesotho Defence Force in 1993.
Currently it has both the rotary and fixed wing aircrafts. The development of the Air Wing has equipped the Lesotho Defence Force with the capability to reach the inaccessible interior of the country as well as neighboring countries. Among its numerous and outstanding achievements, the Lesotho Defence Force Air Wing trained its first female pilot in the country's history in 2005.
In 1986 the military staged a coup and ousted the government of the then Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan and took power under the leadership of Major General Metsing Lekhanya. He became head of the government (Military Council) leaving Brigadier Makalang Lerotholi with Operational Command of the Lesotho Paramount Force (LPF) which was later renamed Royal Lesotho Defence Force (RLDF).
In 1991, Maj. Gen. Lekhanya was ousted in another coup, and Colonel (Col) Phisoana Ramaema, a senior member of the Military Council, assumed the chairmanship of the council. He was promoted to the rank of Major General, thereby becoming the head of the government and the Commander of the army. In 1993, Maj. Gen. Ramaema handed over the rule to the civil authority.
After the restoration of democratic civil rule, the command of the force was given to Maj. Gen. Tšeliso Metsing, but his stay at the helm of the army was short lived. He took early retirement in the mist of the 1993 intra-military disturbances.
As a result, the government appointed the former Chief of the Military Intelligence, the Director General of the National Security Services, Major General Makhula Mosakeng to assume the command of the of the LDF.
Maj. Gen. Mosakeng was faced with a mammoth task of unifying the then factionalized and politicized army. He was later promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General.
In 2004, for the first time in the history of the LDF, a smooth transition and hand-over of command was witnessed when the then Deputy Commander Maj. Gen. Motanyane took over the command from the retiring Commander Lt. Gen. Mosakeng. This transition was witnessed in a ceremony that took place at the Ratjomose Barracks and the former stayed at the helm to propel the LDF forward.
Due to growing demand for the LDF to professionalize itself and meet global security challenges, a strategic plan was devised in 1996. The plan was drawn under the auspices of the TROIKA countries; Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
The Strategic Planning Group was guided in its work by the Constitution of Lesotho and the National Security Strategy/Policy. The planning kick-started with the restructuring of the force which included extensive training of personnel.
A new Act of Parliament governing administration of the military was promulgated as the Lesotho Defence Force Act No.4 of 1996.
Another round of intra-military disturbances surfaced within the army in 1998.Toxic political divisions within the country appeared to have been the major cause. The Troika countries which were led by South Africa had to intervene in the process of bringing stability in the army. The disturbances raised skepticism about the professionalism of the LDF.
In order to further strengthen professionalization within the LDF, the Kingdom of Lesotho and the Republic of India ratified a Military Cooperation Agreement, which resulted in the dispatching of the Indian army Training Team (IATT) to Lesotho in 2001 to assist in the process. However, this move did not hinder operation of already existing training bilateral agreements with countries such as Botswana, Republic of South Africa, Nigeria, United State of America, United Kingdom, Germany, China, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
These are some of the countries which help the LDF, among others, in the training of junior and senior officers in various fields, inclusive of staff and command training courses.
The Lesotho is a member state in the United Nations, African Union and Southern African Development Cooperation. Its membership in the AU Peace and Security Council contributed to the success of the restructuring and accorded the LDF an opportunity to flex its muscles with other forces in credible international exercises and operations.
To date, the LDF has participated in various joint regional peacekeeping exercises including such as Zimbabwe ("Blue Hungwe"1997), RSA ("Blue Grane"1999), Tanzania ("Tanzanite" 2002), Zambia ("Blue Angel" 2003), Botswana ("Thokgamo" 2005) as well as Tanzania ("Revuma" 2006). In these exercises countries participated on a self-contained basis.
In addition to international and regional training involvement, the LDF has also conducted bilateral exercises with South Africa and Botswana. In 2007 and 2008, the LDF held joint exercises with the Botswana Defence Force (BDF), code-named "Ex-Maluti" and "Ex-Sekaka" in Lesotho and Botswana respectively. In 2008 "Ex-Pegasus" was conducted in Lesotho by the LDF and South African National Defence Force (SANDF) air forces.
These exercises were done in accordance with UN chapter VII aimed at strengthening and maintaining peace in the African continent and the world at large. At present, countries such as Italy, UK, USA, France, Kenya, Mali and Zimbabwe offer peacekeeping training for the individual LDF officers on regular basis.
Following the launch of the Southern African Development Cooperation Brigade (SADCBRIG), based in Gaborone, Botswana, the LDF has been represented in various positions by officers of the rank of Colonel; the Interim Planning Element in 2005, the SADCBRIG Permanent Planning Element from January 2006 to December 2007 and currently represented at the Military Information Office from 2008 to date.
Lesotho, as a co-founding member of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the AU, nominated a colonel representing the LDF at the Military Staff Committee (MSC) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from October 2004 to March 2006. In a move to show commitment to the AU's provisions of peace support missions, the LDF deployed five officers as Military Observers (MILOBs), following the invitation from the AU, under African Mission in Sudan (AMIS).
The mission was on annual rotational basis focusing on the strife-torn Sudanese region of Darfur from July 2005. The last batch arrived in Lesotho in July 2008 with the anticipation of possible extended invitation.
The LDF's participation in Peacekeeping Observer Missions was a highlight in the LDF's military history as it was the initial step that has opened a gateway for the LDF's role in broader Peace Support Operations (PSOs). LDF participated directly under UN from January 2008 in the UNAMID in war-torn Area of Sudan, Darfur.
In its many years of history, the LDF has grown in terms of infrastructure, equipment and personnel. The first major infrastructure facility was the building of the Makoanyane Barracks, which was inaugurated in 1982. Subsequently, a number of other bases were constructed strategically throughout the country. This included a base constructed in the vicinity of the multi-million Lesotho Highlands Water Project, at Mohale.
Since the arrival of the IATT, the capability and professionalism have developed considerably. The restructuring of the LDF excelled, and various units of contemporary nature such as Special Force being established. The capabilities of the Engineering Unit expanded to Combat Engineering while the Military Band was also strengthened with the founding of a Pipe Band.
The rebirth of Para-trooping Company resurfaced with the assistance of the Botswana Defence Force (BDF) in continuation of exchange training programs between the two defence forces.
In continuation of the restructuring process, in early 2000, the LDF accomplished a mammoth task of building a fully-fledged Light Infantry Brigade with the correct structure in place thereby marking another step in the right direction which gave an impetus to the 2028 LDF restructuring master plan.
As a follow up to the plan, in 2007 a Manning Policy and Promotion Policy for the LDF personnel were introduced and kick started as a move to enhance transparency. 2008 marked a milestone in the LDF, where for the first time members were promoted based on standardized merits. Members had to pass the examination as per requirements. This was complemented by Officer Cadet Course Serial No 1 of 2008 held locally where 29 personnel including Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates were promoted to the rank of second lieutenant; comprising the second batch in the history of the LDF. That was the second of its nature while the first was held in Lesotho by the British Instructors in 1995.
Peace-support capability has been reinforced with the development of a Peacekeeping Company to meet international army standards. The LDF refurbished the Military Police Service (MPS) into the present day Military Police (MP) unit as the custodian and overseer of army discipline. Members of the MP had their basic policing training in Botswana, and to-date are skilled Sniffer-Dog handlers – a commendable global modern skill in crime detection, including anti-terrorism and drug prevention; to name but few.
In 1977, a medical clinic supervised by the Queen Elizabeth II Hospital was opened at Ratjomose Barracks in pursuit of proximity, centralization and accessibility of medical services to the army personnel and their close relatives.
In 1988 the Makoanyane Military Hospital was constructed with the assistance of the then South African Defence Force (SADF). In the same vein, a wellness clinic, catering for various health services, was constructed in 2007 at Makoanyane Military Base. The project was financed by the United States Department of Defence.
In 1997, the LDF inaugurated Public Affairs Office (PAO), in a bid to impart information to the public to foster accountability; one of the pillars of democracy. This was followed by the launch of the army newsmagazine, MARA, in 2001. Although the magazine has met major challenges leading to its ceasing to publish, it is expected that it will be re-invented with renewed impetus.
In a bid to be on a level par with other countries, the LDF PAO increased its capabilities by deploying qualified professionals in the field of Communication Science and Information and Communication Technology. The office made a brave and bold move of putting the LDF in the internet by creating the Lesotho Defence Force facebook Page and Website.
PHOTOS BY :Photos by the LDF .
Forces; Lesotho Defence Force and South African National Defence Force (LDF & SANDF) held the annual National Defence Force (LDF & SANDF) held the annual bilateral games at the SANDF Tempe Military Base in Mangaung on the 07th September 2022 under the motto ‘‘Friendship Through Sports’’.
They competed on various sporting codes being; Football, Rugby, Volleyball, Netball, Tennis, Taekwondo, Boxing, Darts, Pool, Race-walk, Marathon, Jaskay, Combat Rifle and Pistol Shooting.
In Football, the LDF had beaten the SANDF 2 to 0, the same score was attained in Netball, Taekwondo, Darts, Race-walk and Marathon. The SANDF team won in Rugby, Volleyball, Tennis, Pool, Jaskay, Combat Rifle and Pistol Shooting while they played to a draw in Boxing. .
Delivering the speech on behalf of the LDF the Deputy Chief of Defence Staff Major General (Maj Gen) Matela Matobakele congratulated the SANDF on their win and awarded them a trophy. He also paid special gratitude to the SANDF as an organiser of the competition for making it a success regardless of the aftermath of Covid-19 pandemic as well as the current economic challenge.
‘‘It is easy to choose a friend but not easy to choose a neighbour,’’ indicated Maj Gen Matobakele expressing the importance of good relationship between Lesotho and South Africa as neighbours. He also emphasized the importance of promoting good relationship ‘‘because it is not possible to run away from being neighbours.’’ Strengthening his point, Maj Gen Matobakele pointed out that there are high ranking officers of the LDF who received their trainings at the SANDF institutions.
On behalf of the SANDF, Brigadier General (Brig Gen) Mziwethu Mlamli Tanda congratulated the participants about the good behaviour they displayed during the competitions. He shared the same sentiments with Maj Gen Matobakele that sports indeed builds friendship.
News and Pictures by Pvt `Mapule Litabe
PHOTOS BY :Photos by the LDF Contingent in Mozambique.
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent deployed in Mozambique in the district of Nangade, Cabo Delgado Province under SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) officially handed over full equipped football ground with balls, goal posts and nets to Maiaia, the local football team of Alamba village on the 19th August 2023.
The Contingent Commander Commando Lieutenant Colonel (Cdo Lt Col) Malefetsane Makhoahle together with Officers and Soldiers contributed from their own pockets to give back to the community of Alamba by developing their ground which was not in good condition.
This is among other initiatives done by the Contingent to the residents of Nangade to assist them in rebuilding their lives as they gradually return back to their villages after they flew due to brutal killings by the Insurgents.
When handing over, Cdo Lt Col Makhoahle expressed the importance of giving back to others, especially something of significant value that they would always be remembered by even after they complete the mission.
“We realised the love of football in this Community and how much it brought the people together during the previous football tournaments that was held here and we saw it befitting to instil that love even more, hopefully to last forever”, said Cdo Lt Col Makhoahle.
He went on to urge the residents to continue working harmoniously with the SAMIM Forces and assured them that their greatest advantage in winning the war is if they continue to work together and be involved in activities that bring them together like football.
When accepting the donation the Director of Health Services in Nangade district Mr Lussa Antonio expressed his gratitude to the LDF Contingent Commander and SAMIM Forces as a whole for not only protecting the people of Mozambique but also for restoring hope to the despaired Community and to continue working together in rebuilding their lives. He urged the Community to take good care of donated gift so as to benefit in future.
Went on the contingent Commander, “Terrorism is very contagious, if SADC member states turned a blind eye to the situation here in Mozambique, it would have spread to the other SADC countries”.
PHOTOS BY :Photos by the LDF Contingent in Mozambique.
in the Nangade district of Cabo Delgado under SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) commemorated Mozambique Heroes Day by conducting a Civil Military Cooperation activity in the form of a medical outreach on 03 February 2023, at Nangade Sede (Nangade Memorial Grounds) with the purpose of promoting the already existing good relations with the populace of Nangade.
About two hundred (200) residents of Nangade district (men, women and children) benefited from the outreach that day only. They included pregnant women who were in desperate need of medical services. The contingents also handed over some medication packages to the Nangade Health Centre freely.
For the success of the operation, the contingents joined hands with Nangade Health Services workers. Medical services provided in this outreach were all free. These Medical Services included primary health care and Malaria screening and treatment.
The operation boosted the Nangade Health Centre which at times runs out of medication for the services provided by the contingents.
Gujarat on the 18th October 2022. The objective of the Summit is to ensure peace, security, stability, economic growth and prosperity between India and African countries. Lieutenant General Letsoela also had the opportunity to meet the former Indian Army Training Team Leader in Lesotho, in 2005 at the Summit.
the Lesotho Defence Force (LDF), Brigadier (Brig) ’Matumelo Ramoqopo has been promoted to the rank of Major General (Maj Gen) with effect from 01 March 2023. The Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) Lieutenant General (Lt Gen) Mojalefa Letsoela gave the newly promoted Maj Gen directives on her new appointment on the 07 March 2023 at the LDF Headquarters, Ratjomose Barracks whereby the General Staff and Senior officers witnessed the ceremony.
Maj Gen Ramoqopo is the first female officer in the LDF to be promoted to the afore-mentioned rank. The first female officer to command King’s Birthday Parade, Gen Ramoqopo is also the first high ranking female officer in the LDF to have gone thus far regarding promotions. She was commissioned in 2000 into the Military Health Services.
Joining the army in 1986, the Maj Gen has attended and successfully completed various courses. The General is an alumna of Nanjing Army Command and Staff College, China, pursuing Senior Command & Staff Course. She is also an alumna of the Zimbabwe Command and Staff College, Harare in the Republic of Zimbabwe pursuing Junior Command & Staff Course. She also attended Medical and Logistics Management for Officers and Strategic Course in Army Medical Department in the USA for Future African Leaders in 2002 and 2008 respectively. The General further attended varied courses both Nationally and Internationally including: International Humanitarian Law and Defence Attaché Course in Lesotho in 1999 and 2015 respectively, Peacekeeping Course for Staff Officers and Peacekeeping Course for Battalion Commanders, in Zimbabwe 2012 and 2013 respectively and Legal Cadre, Lesotho in 2005 among others.
The General is a graduate of the National Health Training College and Queen Elizabeth II Nursing School. Her credentials include a Diploma in General Nursing at Queen Elizabeth II Nursing School in 1990, a Diploma in Midwifery in 1991 and a Diploma in Nursing Anaesthesia in 1997 at National Health Training College.
In a distinguished military career exceeding three decades, the General was appointed the ACOS Military Health Services in 2016. Prior to becoming a Director MHS for five years from 2010 to 2015, she became a Nurse Midwife and a Nurse Anaesthetist. The General's executive duties include serving as Defence Attaché in an AU Mission in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 2016 to 2017.
The General's decorations include Military Medal for Meritorious Service (MMMS) and Military Service Medal (MSM) (10, 20 & 30 years). She was also awarded Best Non-Zimbabwe Defence Force (ZDF) Student Award by Zimbabwe Command & Staff College in 2007, Best Woman Achiever in LDF Award by Moafrika FM in 2011 and Best Woman Achiever Award by St Felix Church in 2018.
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent Commander (Cdr) in Mozambique under the umbrella of SADC Mission In Mozambique (SAMIM), Commando Lieutenant Colonel (Cdo Lt Col) Malefetsane Makhoahle accompanied by his officers paid a visit to the Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camp in Ntoli in the district of Cabo Delgado in Mozambique on the 13 April 2023. The purpose of the visit according to the Contingent Cdr, was to reassure the IDPs that they (LDF) are deployed there to protect them thus they should feel at ease. Cdo Lt Col Makhoatle urged the IDPs to provide them with information regarding security matters in time so that his troops will act in time to protect their IDPs camp. Cdo Lt Col Makhoatle further urged the IDPs, to live harmoniously regardless of different villages they came from. In this visit, the LDF team also offered free Basic Health Services to the IDPs. The Contingent Cdr reassured the IDPs that they are working hard to root out elements of insurgency in the district. He went on to warn those who may be pretending to be the IDPs while they are aiding the enemy to stop with immediate effect as they will hit hard to them. “We are appealing to you to tell them (insurgency) to surrender. We are not expecting anyone of you to be part of them thus for those who are aiding them, we warn you to stop”, emphasised the Contingent Cdr condemning an act of insurgents in the province whereby innocent people have been killed by the insurgents since 2017. On behalf of the IDPs the camp manager Mr Amadi Rashidi appreciated the contingent visit and promised the Contingent Cdr that they are determined to work hand in hand with them in the fight against the insurgency in Mozambique. “In a long time we have not felt so safe and protected. Your presence in our area has brought back a light of hope in our lives”, he disclosed. In conclusion, the Contingent Cdr promised that the abandoned villages are now safe for the residents to go back to re-start their lives. Ntoli IDP camp is amongst several camps in Nangade accommodating large number of innocent displaced residents due to brutality of the insurgents in Mozambique in the province of Cabo Delgado in 2017.
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Deputy Chief of Defence Staff (DCDS) and the Author of Historical Books Major General Matela Matobakele along with group of Senior and Junior Officers from various Units in the LDF paid a visit to the National University of Lesotho on the 4th May 2023. The visit was upon invitation by the Head of Department and Senior Lecture in the Historical Studies Dr Godfrey Hove and the Chief Coordinator and Lecture in the Department of Historical Studies Mr Mphezulu Mphezulu in the faculty of Humanities to give a Lecture on the history of Lesotho and the origin of Basotho as a nation. The lecture was presented by Maj. Gen. Matela Matobakele on his capacity as a Historian and an Author. “Even Birds have history but since they cannot write, their history is written by hunters” said Maj. Gen. Matobakele. The Maj Gen coded from his current book that is on print, to emphasize why there are various different versions of Basotho history painted by non-Basotho which they usually tell it from their own perspective and have even went as far as documenting such information. The same information from “Hunters” is disseminated from generation to generation. Maj Gen. highlighted to student from year one to Master Degree the importance of knowing their history and culture putting emphasis on how conservation of indigenous resources and historical places can be of great importance to improve the economy through tourism in the country. He encouraged students to do further research on History and Culture and reassured them that LDF will always be at their disposal in assisting them. “It is only through the knowledge of history and culture that our generation can be full patriots and understand why is patriotism such an essential element to the economical and social growth of every nation and its citizen”, concluded the General. The LDF Senior and Junior Officers from various Units holding different professions motivated students by portraying their qualifications and the roles of their Units in the Force respectively from Doctors, Engineers, Journalist, Pilots, Teachers to Lawyers to name the few. In his closing remarks Dr Hove passed his heartfelt gratitude to the LDF Command in particular Maj Gen Matobakele and the group of Officers for the presentation. “It is indeed one of the millstones in our department to have such good relations and the opportunity to be in the presence of the LDF and we have indeed today learned and acquired more knowledge about the LDF”, commended Dr Hove.
News by: 2Lt Fonane
Following an offensive operation (Volcano 3) by the SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) Forces on the insurgents in 5th Congress in Cabo Delgado province of Mozambique on 16th September 2022, the residents of this general area are gradually returning to their respective homes. The residents fled their homes following the insurgents’ attacks at their villages in 2017 whereby innocent people were brutally killed and their houses were set on fire. As a result, the residents were initially displaced and most of them had to live in the bushes fearing for their lives. After the mentioned brutality the insurgents captured the general area mentioned and turned it into their base until 16th September 2022, when the SAMIM Forces launched an offensive attack on them whereby they lost the fight and abandoned the area. To ensure their safety and protection at the mentioned general area, the LDF Contingent together with their counterparts Tanzanian Defence Force inspected the area and cleared it on 18th April 2023. During the inspection and clearance the contingent discovered plenty of insurgents’ weapons, ammunition and other equipment abandoned when the (insurgents) fled after losing the fight to the SAMIM Forces.
Captain Mapepe Mahao (Doctor) visited the Nangade district hospital on 01 July 2022. The purpose of the visit was to introduce the LDF Medical team to the hospital staff as well as sharing information and skills on how they will work together to save lives of civilians and troops deployed there. The LDF Medical team also familiarised themselves with the equipment the hospital has, as well as comparing the drugs they have with those used at the hospital.
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent in Mozambique under the SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM), together with the Tanzania Peoples Defence Force (TPDF) celebrated International Nurses Day by providing free medical services to the residents of Nengade on the 12th May 2023 at Nengade Sede (Nengade Memorial Grounds). This after the two Defence Forces set and discussed on how they can extend a helping hand to the population of Nengade city and nearby villages with the aim of building good relations with them and their government. Nengade Health Service was also included in this exercise whereby about 153 residents were attended. The medical services rendered included Primary Health Care and Malaria Screening and Treatment. The two forces also handed free medication to the Nengade Health Centre. The LDF Contingent commander Commando Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) Malefetsane Makhoahle, when addressing the residents, reminded them of the SAMIM task which is to fight terrorism in the province of Cabo Delgado. He also assured them that they cannot protect them with weapons only. “As you all know, we have been here since 2021 to fight insurgents in Nengade and surrounding districts. Our task however is not only to fight. It is also our responsibility to see that you are in good health”, disclosed the contingent commander promising that the SAMIM Medical officers in Nengade will continue providing free Health Care to the residents. Added Commando Lt Col Makhoahle, “We have been living closely with you, so much that when you feel pain we feel that pain too”. Lt Col Makhoahle also pleaded with the residents to live harmoniously with the SAMIM forces and reports any unusual movements as soon as possible. “We need a peaceful Nengade. As responsible citizens you should ensure that peace is prevailing in every corner of Nengade”, so he concluded.
The Lesotho Defence (LDF) Contingent in Mozambique under the auspices of SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) visited Nkonga village, in the district of Nangade in Cabo Delgado Province to check and gather information on how the residents are doing following their return to the village after the insurgents fled the area due to the defeat by the SADC Forces. During this visit the contingent also provided free medical assistance to the populace of the village to strengthen the already existing bond between them and the contingent. Another purpose of the visit was to assure the residents that the contingent is taking full responsibility of their protection.
The troops also made the residence aware of the tactics the insurgents are lately applying to win the hearts and minds of the local population by pretending to sympathise with them by giving them money for living as well as buying food commodities from them.
Nkonga village is one of the villages in the Nangade district that was abandoned by the villagers after the insurgent’s attacks. After the villagers fled, the insurgents seized the area and turned it into their base. The SAMIM forces launched a massive offensive operation on November 2022 against the insurgents who seized many villagers of Nangade including Nkonga. The insurgents suffered a heavy lose and fled several villages. The recaptured villages were cleared and villagers gradually went back to restart their normal lives.
The district of Nangade in Cabo Delcado province of Mozambique celebrated the 37th Nangade Day on 25th July 2023 under the protection of SAMIM Forces Contingents of Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) and Tanzania People’s Defence Force (TPDF). The day was last commemorated in 2017 as it was put on hold due to terror activities which saw the residents fleeing their villages as terrorists attacked, torched and captured these villages and turned them into their bases. Many innocent people of Nangade district lost their lives due to the brutal killings by the insurgents.
The resumption of the celebration of Nangade Day comes after the SAMIM Forces deployment in the Cabo Delgado province which is the hub of the insurgents. Since the deployment of the SAMIM troops, the villagers are gradually returning to their villages to continue with their normal lives following offensive operations against the insurgents. The insurgents suffered a huge lose and fled the captured villages. Nangade is the sector allocated to LDF and TPDF under the SAMIM mandate since 2021. The mandate has been extended by SADC Summit by 12 months from 16th July 2023 to consolidate the gains achieved since the deployment and further enhances stabilisation process and facilitate the return of the Internally Displaced Persons to their places of origin.
The District Administrator Mr Martins Constantino, when addressing the gathering at the ceremony, thanked SAMIM forces for their contribution towards peace and stability in the district as they are now enjoying their normal activities. He emphasised the importance of SAMIM troops to the resumption of Nangade Day Celebration which has a remarkable history of Mozambique.
The LDF Contingent Deputy Commander, Commando Lieutenant Colonel Boiketsiso Fonane has also promised the residents a full protection as long as they are still deployed there. He further urged the residents of Nangade to provide the SAMIM Forces with information in regard to the insurgents’ activities so that the troops will be in a position to launch operations for the freedom of the villagers.
Following the Extra-Ordinary Summit of Heads of States and Government of SADC Organ Troika plus SADC Troika, and Forces Intervention Brigade and SAMIM contributing countries to the processes in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Mozambique held on the 11th July 2023, the Lesotho Defence Force Contingent in Mozambique together with its counter parts Tanzania People’s Defence Force (TPDF) embarked on an outreach program on medical services to the residents of 5th Congresso in Nengade district on the 21st July 2023.
On the mentioned date, the summit noted the improved security situation in Cabo Delgado Province and gradual return of Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) to their respective places of origin, “primarily due to reduced terrorist activities” and commended SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) for the unwavering commitment and sacrifices it made in “restoring and maintaining peace and security in the Province.” 5th Congresso is one of the villages in the Nengade district of Cabo Delgado Province that was abandoned by the villagers after the insurgents’ attacks. The insurgents seized the area and turned it into their base. The SAMIM forces launched massive operation on all villages captured by the insurgents on November 2022 whereby the insurgents suffered a heavy loss and fled most of the villages. The captured villages were cleared and villagers gradually went back and restarted their normal lives.
In order to reassure the villagers and cement the already existing good relations between them and deployed troops in Nengade district where the village of 5th Congresso falls, the Lesotho contingent together with the Tanzanian contingent had paid frequent visits to various villages around the district, and provided the populace with free medical services. Summit extended the SAMIM mandate by 12 months from 16th July 2023 to consolidate the gains achieved since the deployments of SAMIM and further enhances stabilization process and facilitate the safe return of IDPs to their places of origin.
The Deputy Lesotho Contingent Commander Commando Lieutenant Colonel (Cdo Lt Col) Boiketsiso Fonane promised the population of Nengade that they are there to ensure that peace prevails in Mozambique. The Lt Col mentioned that as long as they are there, the populants should be at ease and feel free to do their normal routines. “We are your protectors and your friends. We are urging you to put all trust on us. We are ready to hunt the insurgents wherever they are hiding in this district. We will never let you down and you should know that we are part of you,” reassured Lt Col Fonane promising that the enemy terrorising people of Mozambique will be destroyed. The contingent also paid a tribute to members of the LDF contingent who lost their lives while on service in Mozambique, they are namely Commando Corporal (Cdo Cpl) Mofoka, Cdo Privates Nonyana and Khoaele. Meanwhile, on the 21st July 2023, the chairpersons of SADC and SADC Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation has been pleased to award the SADC medal instituted by Warrant to the members of SAMIM who whilst serving in the Cabo Delgado Province, have distinguished themselves by meritorious and good service for a consecutive 90 days or more. The medals were collected by contingents’ representatives at the SAMIM headquarters whereby Cdo Lt Col Malefetsane Makhoahle represented Lesotho contingents.
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent in Mozambique under the SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) embarked on a combined offensive patrol together with its counterparts Tanzania Peoples Defence Force (TPDF), Mozambique Defence Armed Forces (FADM), Mozambique Republic Police (PRM) and Forsa Local at Nkonka area in the district of Nangade, Cabo-Delgado Mozambique on 02nd May 2023, whereby they confiscated Rocked Propelled Grenade (RPG) rockets, AK47 rifles, PKM drums, PKM barrels and mortar rockets to mention but few. The purpose of the patrol was to search and sweep the insurgents abandoned base following a joint attack by the SAMIM forces (Operation Kichwa Chake) whereby the insurgents were defeated and fled. Following the mentioned operations, the residents of Nkonka, who were internally displaced due to the acts of insurgents, are gradually returning to their homes to restart their lives. There are about 44 confirmed families that have returned to Nkonka. The LDF is part of SAMIM forces deployed in the Nangade district of Cabo-Delgado in Mozambique since 2021 to fight terrorists who have killed innocent people, burning their villages and turned them into their bases.
Matela Matobakele officially opened a Peace Support Operation (PSO) course conducted by French Army Training Team at Mafeteng Military Base, 70 kilometers from the Capital Maseru on the 10th October 2023. The course is exclusively aimed to prepare a cohesive training to the LDF members to enhance the level of combat readiness in a conventional warfare. The course is instructed by thirteen (13) French Army instructors under the leadership of Captain Juan Ribaira.
During his opening remarks, Maj Gen Matobakele stated that the bilateral relations between Lesotho and France started as early as 1833 when the founder of Basotho King Moshoeshoe I invited the first Missionaries in the Mountain Kingdom. He further illustrated the importance of the exercise and how it will model the LDF members in their combat skills. "The course will model you to perform well in the army, as the French Army will share with you their knowledge and skills, which will make you be ready for any incoming threats to Lesotho and Basotho as a Nation”, explained Maj Gen Matobakele.
Maj Gen Matobakele emphasized that it is great honour to the LDF Command that its members will receive this dynamic training. He strongly told the course participants that they are expected to show high level of disciple during the course as the knowledge they will grasp will be beneficial to the LDF and its other members in absentia. One of the instructors Corporal Phodiso Siekano passed his heart felt gratitude for the warm welcome they had received since they landed in Lesotho. “We would like to thank you for making us feel at home and comfortable amongst you,” said Cpl Siekano declaring that the course will cover amongst others; Operational Shooting Instructions, Counter Insurgency and Unarmed Combat Skills. He further urged course participants to fully participate so that they will be able to share the knowledge they have together. The French Army Training Team has been working together with the LDF in the field of training on PSO for several times. Recently in 2019. They imparted the similar training held in Maseru to the LDF personnel. Currently the LDF Contingent is deployed on PSO Mission (SADC Mission Mozambique) under the auspices of SADC since 2021. On the other hand, it has also participated in several regional PSO exercises as well as in Military Observer Missions in Durfur Sudan. The LDF is a member of SADC Standby Force.
The SADC Misson In Mozambique (SAMIM) Head Of Mission Planning and Evaluation Component (HOM MPEC) Brigadier General (Brig Gen.) Dithupa welcomed the newly deployed Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent in Nangade district of Cabo Delgado Province in Mozambique on the 23 and 24 October 2023, during his visit to the Contingent’s Forward Operating Base (FOB).
In his remarks, Brig Gen. Dithupa emphasized the importance of Army General or a Senior officer to meet his troops on the ground and address them once he steps on their area of responsibility in order to motivate and encourage them. ‟We hope you are going to do very well as your predecessors did. We are aware of your rotation which is ongoing but the way you hit the ground running gives us hope on you. Your predecessors laid a very strong foundation for you to walk on”, said Gen Dithupa urging FOB Commander Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) Tšeliso Serobanyane to learn from Commando Colonel (Cdo Col) Tefo Ramosie as pioneer of SAMIM deployment. Cdo Col Ramosie is the Lesotho Contingent Commander.
Gen. Dithupa strongly urged Lesotho Contingent to continue colaborating with local forces in eradication of insurgency. “Insurgency is a horrible, devilish and infectious disease that needs to be uprooted and annihilated so that it doesn’t regain power in SADC region. Let us fight and preserve what our forefathers had founded, SADC,” ordered the HOM PEC.
General Dithupa disclosed his trip on the 23rd and 24th October 2023 was mainly to evaluate and assess the impact of the work done by SAMIM and to engage with the new Lesotho FOB Commander Lt Col Tšeliso Serobanyane. He said they visited various parts of Cabo Delgado province and ended in sector 1, the Contingent of Lesotho area of responsibility. He mentioned that they had met principals, community leaders, Police and local forces. He revealed that they have heard of how Lesotho Contingent is well spoken as it brought peace and stability in Nangade District.
The LDF Contingent Commander Cdo Col Tefo Ramosie promised the HOM MPEC that they will work hard regardless of the challenge that they may come across. “General Sir, I am here again in Nangade with another contingent, there was no live here when I first touched the soil of Mozambique back in 2021 with the first contingent of Lesotho, but we worked hard to change the situation. The living testimony is here now that there is live in Nangade. The local population activities are now back to normal. We will apply the same effort with this new contingent to protect the people of Mozambique,” so promised the new Contingent Commander.
On behalf of Lesotho Contingent Major Tšeliso Mahlatsi passed sincere gratitude to the General and his delegation for the visit and words of encouragement. He promised Brigadier General Dithupa that they would maintain the high standard set by their predecessors. The MPEC delegates was comprised of among others SAMIM Head of Operations Lieutenant Colonel Raphuthi, Head of Mission Planning at Evaluation Center Lieutenant Colonel Phindi, Special Forces Corporate Commander Colonel Ndouvhada and Captain Phefadu Police Component at Mission analysis Center.
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent in Mozambique under SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) deployed in Nangade District, Cabo Delgado Province visited the Nangade hospital on the 10th October 2023.
The visitation was part of Contingent mandate to strengthen the working relations between the Nangade Health Services and the SAMIM forces.
The Director of Nangade Hospital Pedro Assane pleaded with the SAMIM forces to continue providing security in their outreach programs and that as the Hospital they provide any assistance whenever needed by SAMIM forces. The Medical Doctor deployed with the LDF Contingent Major Thabo Moleleki promised to provide as much assistance as possible as health practitioners for the good health of Nangade community.
Meanwhile, the Contingent embarked on Reassurance Patrol of Nandage Market general area with the aim of interacting with the population. It is in this patrol whereby Second Lieutenant (2Lt) Nkomane Nthontho urged the residents to work together with SAMIM forces in order to defeat the insurgents.
“With the information you provide us with, I assure you that the insurgents will be defeated. Insurgency is evil and must be rooted out”, 2Lt Nthontho addressed the populace.
The residents of the area were impressed with the patrol and promised to provide the troops with information leading to the defeat of the insurgents.
TThe Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent in Mozambique under SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) together with its counterpart from the United Republic of Tanzania (URT) conducted a joint offensive mobile patrol at Nkonka village of Nangade district of Cabo Delgado Province on the 07th November 2023.
This after the intelligence report disclosing an unexploded 60mm mortar rocket and M32 grenade near the mentioned village.
The combat engineers of both forces successfully destroyed those explosives. After this successful destruction, they rushed to the village of Namavika where the residents were also not at ease following their suspicion that there were some unexploded Improvised Explosive Device (IED). The engineers inspected the suspicious bottles and assured the residents that they were not IED.
On the same day they went to the police station of Litingina following police report on the discovery of two unexploded M26 grenades at the mentioned village. The engineers successfully destroyed them as well. The Lesotho Contingent was deployed in Mozambique since 2021 and thus far managed to put the situation in Mozambique under enormous control to make it easier for the residents in different areas of Cabo Delgado in particular Nangade District, to return to their normal living at their villages which they abandoned due to terrorist attacks.
The current Contingent’s series of operations include those of the 30th October 2023, where they conducted the mobile patrol to the Local Hospital (Nangade Hospital) and assured the Director Health Services at the local health centre that they (SAMIM forces) are always around the corner to provide them to render security services whenever needed. Another operation was conducted on the 06th November 2023 where the target was the Market Area and they strongly assured the population an unwavering protection. The forces also encouraged the residents to provide them with information regarding the insurgents’ movements so that they can be countered in time.
The Lesotho Contingent under the SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) commanded by Lieutenant Colonel (Lt. Col.) Tšeliso Serobanyane enjoyed the special visit paid by the generals from the Headquarters of SAMIM, Deputy Force Commanders Brig. Gen. GL. Tshweneetsile and Brig. Gen. SS Nlebgwa on the 10th November 2023 at the Forward Operating Base.
The former is the out-going DFC of the mission while the latter is the in-coming. Their visit was specifically upon the orientation about the Lesotho contingent to the in-coming DFC. On his welcome remarks, the Lesotho contingent commander Lt. Col. Serobanyane acknowledged the special visit paid to them and regarded it as an honour. He further briefed the DFC about administrative operations and Intelligence Operations including the challenges and the successes.
Brig. Gen. Tshweneetsile as the out-going DFC delivered his key note and gave them the tap on the shoulder for the job well done since being deployed in 2021. He mentioned that being patriotic in this mission brought so much hope to the residents and that shall contribute to building the dream of Africa and also enabling it to solve its own problems. “Fellow compatriots, you are relieving your fellow peers who have left incredible footprints. I am certain that you will set standard even more higher.” Said Brig. Gen. Tshweneetsile. As he concluded, Brig. Gen. Tshweneetsile urged them to respect the residents and highlighted the value of discipline and contact on this journey. Again, they must always remember to be responsible for their actions for the benefit of the mission.
The in-coming DFC Brig. Gen. SS Nlebgwa honoured the opportunity offered to him and on his remarks he congratulated his predecessor for being very courageous throuout his tunure. He further stressed out that the situation has transited from scenario 6 to 5 which is multidimensional in nature. “Even though the is a transition, I still maintain that you must stay offensive, vigilant and take it as still tense until you step out of the mission area.” SAID Brig. Gen Nlebgwa.
He concluded his key note by expressing his jubilance as he is about to assume the office of DFC and promised to take all the advices given to him. He further honoured the vital role played by the Special Force component commander Colonel (Col) Chris Ndouvhada on SAMIM operations.
The Staff Officer to the Lesotho contingent Major (Maj) Tankiso Mahlatsi provided with the vote of thanks to the guests. “General Sir, we are very thankful for your visit to our FOB. We are very motivated and encouraged by your words. This shall make us be determined to SADC tasks, Lesotho and Basotho. We promise to stick by the basics you’ve just shared.” Said Maj. Mahlatsi. Maj. Mahlatsi wished the out-going DFC a prosperous life as he beat farewell to the mission and pleaded to him that his experiences and expertise may be required in the future upon the mission and his contribution will matter the most.
The Lesotho Defence Force team of Seargent Majors (Sgt Maj) formed part of a Coronation Parade of King Charles III of the United Kingdom held at the Buckingham Palace on 06 May 2023. The team comprised of Brigade Sgt Maj Warrant Officer Class I (WO I) Ntlama Moremoholo, LDF Band Unit Sgt Maj WO I Khama Moneuoa and WO I Lehloenya Matlabe from the Military Training Institute.
on the authority of the Zimbabwean Defence Force. It is such an honour for us to be chosen again since 2018. It is my belief that this study tour will go a long way strengthening the bonds of relations between our Defence Forces. We are indeed humbled by faith and trust you have in us,” said Chief of Staff Human Resources, Administration and Policy Management Major General Poqa Motoa when welcoming student officers from Zimbabwe Staff College at the ’Manthabiseng Convention Centre on the 4th July 2022.
“Among the students, it is also important to mention that some of them are from Malawi and Tanzania Defence forces, and also a student from the Zimbabwe Police”, disclosed the course coordinator, Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) Njabulo Moyo expressing his heartfelt gratitude to the warm welcome by the LDF. The team leader Colonel (Col) Chakaipa Maguna also shared the same sentiments with the course coordinator on the warm welcome by the LDF.
“The Zimbabwe Staff College exceptionally appreciated your kindness in accepting to host the Joint Command and Staff Course 35 that will take the period of 02-10 July 2022”, stated the team leader mentioning that the purpose of the study tour was to enable students to know about the Political, Social, Cultural, Economical and the Military Infrastructure as well as the Civil Military Relation of the host country. .
The visiting team consisted of eight (08) Directing Staff members and seventeen (17) student officers.
The Lesotho Contingent under the SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) commanded by Lieutenant Colonel
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent in Mozambique under SADC
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent in Mozambique under SADC
The SADC Misson In Mozambique (SAMIM) Head Of Mission Planning and .
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Deputy Chief of Defence Staff Major General (Maj Gen)
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent deployed in Mozambique in the
The district of Nangade in Cabo Delcado province of Mozambique celebrated
Following the Extra-Ordinary Summit of Heads of States and Government of SADC Organ Troika plus SADC Troika
The Lesotho Defence (LDF) Contingent in Mozambique under the auspices of
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent...
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent Commander (Cdr) in Mozambique...
Following an offensive operation (Volcano 3) by the SADC Mission in Mozambique
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Deputy Chief of Defence Staff (DCDS) and the Author of Historical Books Major
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) Contingent in Mozambique under the SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM)...
The Lesotho Defence Force team of Seargent Majors (Sgt Maj) formed part of the coronation of King Charles
The Assistant Chief of Staff (ACOS) Military Health Services (MHS) the Lesotho
The Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) and the United Republic of Tanzania (URT) contingents medical teams in Mozambique.